Category Archives: Open Middle

Testing the “Open Middle” Waters

I have been itching to try an Open Middle math problem.

As a tutor, I am always looking for ways to enrich and deepen the understanding of the students I work with, as opposed to just band-aiding their current math struggles.  I finally got my chance last week.  I chose this 3rd grade question: Draw three rectangles with a perimeter of 20 units.

First, I asked my student to draw one rectangle with a perimeter of 20 units.  Here is his initial attempt.

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rectangle…check.  Perimeter-is-the-edge…check.  Perimeter = 20…not so much.

We add the side lengths and he sees the total perimeter is much more than 20.

Aha! #1  “Oh, I get it!”  Immediately, he draws a square and proudly labels each side 5 units long.  Yay!  

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 2

 

 

 

 

 

Wonderful!  Now:   Draw another rectangle with a perimeter of 20.

Complete puzzlement.

So, we talk about what perimeter means and I ask Is there any other way to have the sides add up to 20?  Aha! #2, and he draws the following “rectangle:”

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 2b

 

 

 

 

 

Hmm.  Okay.  Perimeter = 20…check.  Rectangle…not so much.  So I draw his “rectangle” to scale.

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 2c1

 

 

 

 

Hmmm.  What’s going on here?  We talk about the properties of rectangles and his next attempt is a rectangle, but again the perimeter is not 20.

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 3a

 

 

 

 

 

So, I ask him to try again.  He thinks for a bit and then draws:

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 3

 

 

 

 

Great!  We have two rectangles with a perimeter of 20.  Now draw another one.

Much less thinking time this time:

G_OpenMiddle_Perim 3b

 

 

 

 

And we get to Aha! #3, at which point he stops drawing, and starts talking:  “Or, the sides can be 2-8-2-8, or 1-9-1-9, or …!)”  Pretty soon he’s listed all of the different configurations/rotations of rectangles (with integer-length sides) and HE GETS IT!

This was more than an “aha!” moment; it was a groundswell of understanding – like a wave of comprehension crashing on the beach:  I get it!  I get it!  I get it!

And it didn’t happen after creating one rectangle, or even after two.  It required him to come up with three different rectangles before he understood.

SO fun to watch.  It literally made my day.  Can’t wait to try more Open Middle problems!